It became the home of the British Standards Institution in 1994. 33 Chiswick is home to the Griffin Brewery, where fuller, Smith turner brew their prize-winning ales. It and its predecessor companies have been brewing beer on the same site for over 350 years. The original brewery was in the gardens of Bedford house in Chiswick mall. 34 points of interest edit Chiswick house edit Chiswick house was designed by the Third Earl of Burlington, and built for him, in 172629 as an extension to an earlier Jacobean house (subsequently demolished in 1788 it is considered to be among the finest surviving. Its surrounding grounds, laid out by william Kent, are among the most important historical gardens in England and Wales, forming one of the first English landscape gardens. 35 It was used as an asylum from 1892 to 1928; up to 40 private patients were housed in wings which were demolished in 1956 when the house was restored. 36 Churches edit St Nicholas Church, near the river Thames, has a 15th-century tower, although the remainder of the church was rebuilt.
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28 Chiswick is in the W4 postcode district of the london post town, which in a tribute to its ancient parish includes Bedford Park and south Acton, mostly within the london Borough of Ealing. 29 Bedford Park, designed largely by norman Shaw, was borden described by nikolaus pevsner as the first place "where the relaxed, informal mood of a market town or village was adopted for a complete speculatively built suburb". Some of the most beautiful period mansion blocks in the area, such as heathfield court and Arlington Mansions, line the sides of Turnham Green the site of the battle of Turnham Green in 1642. Other suburbs of Chiswick include Grove park (south of the A4, close to Chiswick railway station) and Strand on the Green, a fishing hamlet until the late 18th century. 30 In 1896, bedford Park was advertised as being in Chiswick, 31 though at that time much of it was in Acton. 20 Economy edit Chiswick high road contains a mix of retail, restaurants, food outlets and expanding office and hotel space. The wide streets encourage cafes, pubs and restaurants to provide pavement seating. Lying between the offices at the golden Mile Great West road and Hammersmith, office developments and warehouse conversions to offices began from the 1960s. The first in 1961 was 414 Chiswick high road on the site of the old Empire cinema. Between 19, the 18-storey ibm headquarters was built above gunnersbury station, designed to accommodate 1500 people.
It was one of 35 major centres identified in the statutory planning document of Greater London, the london Plan of 2008. 27 geography edit Chiswick occupies a meander of the river Thames, 6 miles (9.7 km) west of Charing Cross. The district vegetarianism is built up towards the north with more open space in the south, including the grounds of Chiswick house and duke's meadows. Chiswick has one main shopping area, the Chiswick high road, forming a long high street in the north. The river forms the southern boundary with Kew, including North Sheen, mortlake and Barnes in the london Borough of Richmond upon Thames. It includes the uninhabited island of Chiswick eyot, joined to the mainland at low tide. In the east Goldhawk road and British Grove border Hammersmith in the london Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham. In the north are bedford Park and south Acton in the london Borough of Ealing, with a boundary partially delineated by the district line. To the west, within hounslow, are the districts of Gunnersbury and Brentford.
The borough of Brentford and Chiswick was abolished in 1965, and its former area was transferred to Greater London to form part of the london Borough of hounslow. With these changes, Chiswick town Hall is no longer the local government centre but is still used for some council services. There was a brentford and Chiswick parliament constituency from 1918 to 1974. Chiswick forms part of the Brentford and Isleworth Parliament constituency. The mp is Ruth Cadbury (Labour elected at the may 2015 general election replacing Mary macleod (Conservative). For elections to the london Assembly Chiswick is in the south West constituency, represented since 2000 by tony Arbour, of the conservative party. For elections to hounslow London Borough council, Chiswick is represented by three electoral wards : Turnham Green, Chiswick homefields and Chiswick riverside. Each ward elects three councillors, who serve four-year terms. For 201014, all nine councillors were conservatives.
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St Nicholas Church is in the centre. Chiswick St Nicholas was an letter ancient, and later civil, parish in the Ossulstone hundred of Middlesex. its vestry governed most parish affairs. After the poor Law Amendment Act (1834), local administration in Chiswick began to be devolved to authorities beyond the vestry. Then, Chiswick poor relief was administered by the Brentford poor Law Union.
18 Briefly, from 1849 to 1855, responsibility for Chiswick drains and sewers passed to the metropolitan Commission of Sewers under its 'fulham and Hammersmith Sewer District.', under the Chiswick Improvement Act of that year, 19 responsibility for drains and sewers, paving and lighting was vested. 19 This operated as Chiswick's secular local authority for a quarter of a century until its replacement with a local board in 1883. 19 In 1878 the parish gained a triangle of land in the east which had formed a detached part of Ealing. to 1927 the parish formed the Chiswick Urban District. 21 22 In 1927 it was abolished and its former area was merged with that of Brentford Urban District to form Brentford and Chiswick Urban District. 23 The amalgamated district became a municipal borough in 1932.
The area was reduced to 10 acres (4.0 ha) in the 1870s, and the lease was terminated when the societys garden at Wisley, surrey, was set up in 1904. Some of the original pear trees still grow in the gardens of houses built on the site. Postcard photo of Chiswick high road,. 1900 The population of Chiswick grew almost tenfold during the 19th century, reaching 29,809 in 1901, 13 and the area is a mixture of georgian, victorian and Edwardian housing. Suburban building began in Gunnersbury in the 1860s and in Bedford Park, on the borders of Chiswick and Acton, in 1875.
During the second World War, chiswick was bombed repeatedly, 14 with both incendiary and high explosive bombs. Falling anti-aircraft shells and shrapnel also caused damage. The first V-2 rocket to hit London fell on Staveley road, chiswick,.43pm on 8 September 1944, killing three people, injuring 22 others and causing extensive damage to surrounding trees and buildings. Six houses were demolished by the rocket and many more suffered damage. 15 There is a memorial where the rocket fell on Staveley road, and a war Memorial at the east end of Turnham Green. By the start of the 21st century, chiswick had become an affluent suburb. 16 governance edit painting Corney house in Chiswick from the river by jacob Knyff, 1675-80.
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In november 1642, royalist forces under Prince rupert, marching from Oxford to retake london, were halted by a larger parliamentarian force under the plan earl of Essex. The royalists retreated and never again threatened the capital. 7 In 1864, john Isaac Thornycroft, founder of the john. Thornycroft company shipbuilding company, established a yard at Church Wharf at the west thesis end of Chiswick mall. 8 9 The shipyard built the first naval destroyer, hms daring of the daring class, in 1893. 10 to cater for the increasing size of warships, Thornycroft moved its shipyard to southampton in 1909. 11 In 1822, the royal Horticultural Society leased 33 acres (13.4 ha) of land in the area south of the high road between what are now Sutton court road and dukes avenue. 12 This site was used for its fruit tree collection and its first school of horticulture, and housed its first flower shows.
Chiswick was first recorded. 1000 as the Old English Ceswican meaning "Cheese farm the riverside area of duke's meadows is thought to have supported an annual cheese fair up until the 18th century. 4 5 Chiswick grew up as a village around St Nicholas wallpaper Church from. 1181 on Church Street, its inhabitants practising farming, fishing and other riverside trades including a ferry, important as there were no bridges between London Bridge and Kingston throughout the middle Ages. 6 The area included three other small settlements, the fishing village of Strand-on-the-Green, little sutton and Turnham Green on the west road out of London. 6 Memorial to richard tayler,. 1716, complete with Corinthian aedicule, heraldic cartouche, statues of Father Time and Angel of death, in the bell tower of St Nicholas Church, Chiswick a decisive skirmish took place on Turnham Green early in the English civil War.
West of Chiswick's Hogarth roundabout, the Great West road from central London converts to the M4 motorway, providing a second mode of transport connection to heathrow Airport and the M4 corridor. The Great Chertsey road (A316) runs south-west from the hogarth roundabout, becoming the M3 motorway. Historic figures who lived in Chiswick include the poets Alexander Pope and. Yeats, the Italian revolutionary Ugo foscolo, the Impressionist painter Camille pissarro, and the novelist. The stage director Peter Brook is among Chiswick's current residents. Contents History edit Oldest part of Chiswick: the fifteenth century Old Burlington, one of two former pubs on Church Street, Chiswick. The tower of the former Lamb Brewery is behind it on the left.
The finishing post for the boat Race is just downstream of, chiswick Bridge. Chiswick was historically the ancient parish. St Nicholas in the county of, middlesex, with an agrarian and fishing economy beside the river centred on Church Street. Having good communications with London from an early time, chiswick became a popular country retreat, and as part of the suburban growth of London in the late 19th and early 20th centuries the population significantly expanded. Municipal Borough of Brentford resume and Chiswick in 1932 and has formed part. Greater London since 1965, when it was merged into the. Sublocalities include, bedford Park, grove park, the Glebe Estate, strand-on-the-Green and those with named tube stations, turnham Green and Gunnersbury, within its three wards.
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For other uses, see, chiswick (disambiguation). Chiswick ( /tʃɪzɪk/ ( listen chiz-ik ) a is a district of west, london, england. Most of it is in the. London Borough of hounslow. It contains, hogarth's house, the former residence of the 18th-century English artist. William Hogarth ; Chiswick house, a neo-palladian villa regarded as one of the finest in England; and. Fuller's Brewery, london's largest and oldest brewery. It occupies a meander of the, river Thames used for competitive and recreational rowing, with several rowing clubs on the river bank.