Loper - a pullout arm or slide that provides support for a fall front desk or hinged table leaf. Loveseat - a small version of a couch designed to seat two persons. Lowboy - a low table or chest with cabriole legs; often used alone or as the base of a highboy. M maple - hardwood with a tight grain and blond color popular in furniture construction. Marble - a crystalline rock used on various surfaces of furniture such as table tops or desk tops. Marquetry - decorative technique of inlaying veneers to create a pattern or picture in furniture.
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Knock down Furniture - unassembled furniture that a consumer assembles after purchase; also known as rta (Ready to Assemble). Knot - a hard cross grained piece in a board generally from a branch protrusion; may loosen over time and fall out of the board. Koa - acacia koa; a hardwood endemic to the hawaiian Islands. Commonly used to construct furniture and musical instruments. L lacquer - a synthetic, durable fast drying coating used to finish and protect wood. Ladderback - a style of chair back with horizontal cross rails resembling a ladder. Laminate - composite material used on counter or table tops; provides a heat resistant, wipe clean surface. Leather - made from tanning animal hides and used for upholstery. Linen Press - a cabinet with shelves or shallow drawers behind doors designed to store sheets, tablecloths, napkins, textiles and clothing. Lingerie chest belief - tall narrow chest designed to store women's undergarments.
I inlay - decorative technique of inserting contrasting wood veneers or paper materials to create a feature or design. Intarsia - a form of inlay similar to marquetry; decorative inlaid panel or dimensional image. J jacquard - woven fabric with intricate patterns created on a loom. Japan Drier - a drying agent or solvent used to speed up the drying time of oil based finishes. Japanning - a finish imitating oriental lacquer work. K kiln Dried - lumber dried in a kiln to a specified uniform moisture content. Kneehole desk - desk with a recessed central area for a person's knees.
Grain - the natural patterns in wood created by the direction of fibers. H hand Rubbed Finish - an oil finish applied to a piece of furniture by hand. Hardwood - the wood from deciduous trees (trees that lose their leaves during winter). Harvest Table - a narrow, rectangular drop leaf table headboard - the upright structure attached to the head of the bed frame. Hepplewhite - an 18th century furniture design. Highboy - a tall or assignments high chest of drawers upon a lowboy (base) raised on long legs; a two part case piece. Hope Chest - a hinged top chest for the storage of items in anticipation of marriage. Huntboard - originally used to serve food and refreshments after a hunt; light or portable sideboard. Hutch - an upper cabinet consisting of shelves; with or without doors placed upon a chest, desk or buffet.
Four Poster Bed - a bed with posts at each corner; may vary in height. G gallery rail - small or low railing used around a shelf or table top. Gateleg table - drop leaf table with leaves supported by legs that swing out from the side like a gate. Gilding - decorative effect of applying gold leaf or powder to a surface. Gimp - a fabric fold used to hide upholstery fasteners or tacks. Glazing - finishing step of applying and wiping off stain used to highlight wood grain and features such as carvings. Glide - applied to the bottom of furniture legs to protect the floor surface and make the piece easier to move around; commonly made from metal, nylon or felt. Glue block - a small block of wood used to reinforce a joint. Gold leaf - thin leaves of gold used in gilding.
Tables, coffee tables, Writing desks, secretary desks
F fabric - cloth produced by weaving natural or synthetic textile fibers together. Fall Front - a hinged door of a secretary desk that drops down to create a writing surface. Faux Finish - decorative finish used to imitate the look of a natural material. Feather Banding - narrow bands of veneer inlaid in opposing diagonal directions. Fiberfil - polyester filling material or cushion wrap. Fiddle back - the back splat of a chair that resembles the shape of a fiddle or violin. Figuring - the natural grain patterns of woods such as curly maple.
Finger joint - used to join short pieces of wood at the ends to make a longer one; provides strength through increased glue surface area. Finish - the protective coating resume applied to furniture to protect the substrate; common finishes include paint, lacquer and polyurethane. Fleur de lis - a french floral emblem or carving in the shape of an Iris or Lily. Footrest - the brace or bar at the front of a stool for your feet. Formica - registered brand name of plastic laminate material. Frame - the basic structure of an upholstered chair or sofa; usually made from a hardwood. Front rail The essay front cross piece of wood between the legs of a piece of furniture such as a chair.
Distressing - a finishing technique to make the wood appear aged or old by adding rub marks, small holes and indentations. Dovetail joint - common interlocking joint noted for it's resistance to pulling apart; typically used on drawer sides. Dowel - round wooden pin; usually spiral fluted or reeded used to join pieces of wood together and strengthen the joint. Drawer - an open top box or compartment for storage that slides in and out in a cabinet. Dresser - a chest with drawers for the storage of clothing. Drop leaf - a table having hinged extension leaves that are supported by a bracket when in use and hang vertically against the table when not in use.
Dust cover - the material or fabric used to cover the bottom of a sofa or chair; also called cambric. E ebonized - wood stained dark and polished to simulate ebony. Embossed - a low relief raised design such as an ornamental piece made through pressure rather than carving. Engineered wood - man made sheet goods made from wood chips and glue under pressure; commonly referred to as particle board. Entertainment Center - cabinet or shelving unit used to store a television, video and audio components. Epoxy - a high strength two part adhesive consisting of a resin and hardener. Escutcheon - a decorative or plain plate that protects the area around a keyhole. Etagere - an open shelving unit used for display purposes.
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Damask - a reversible fabric with design. Davenport - compact writing desk features a sloped top above drawers. Daybed - seating unit that can double as a bed. Deck - the foundation of a chair or sofa where the loose cushions are placed. Density - reference melisande to the weight of foam used for seat and moliere back cushions; either low density or high density. Dentil Molding - decorative molding utilizing evenly spaced blocks. Dining Chair - chair used at a dining table; available with or without arms. Dining Table - a table where meals are served and eaten.
Console table - small or narrow table designed to be placed against or fixed to a wall. Contemporary - modern look or style of furniture. Corner Blocks - small blocks of wood glued in place to reinforce or strengthen adjoining pieces of wood. Corner Cabinet - triangular shaped cabinet designed for use in a corner. Couch - modern adaptation submit of a daybed; provides seating for more than one individual. Credenza - sideboard or buffet with doors used for storage; commonly found in an office behind a desk. Cross Banding - veneer applied to the edge of table tops or drawer fronts at a right angle to the face veneer. Curio cabinet - tall, slender, sometimes lighted cabinet with glass doors and panels used to display collectibles. D dacron - common trade name for polyester fiber; used as a wrap on seat cushions.
18th century. Claw foot - carved furniture foot resembling an animal's claw. Club Chair - low back upholstered chair with arms. Coffee table - long, low table placed in front of seating. Coil Spring - a conical coiled spring used in rows for seating support. Commode - low chest of drawers or cupboard; originally referred to a nightstand that concealed a chamber pot.
Carnauba wax - wax obtained from warming the leaves of the carnauba palm used in waxes and polishes. Case goods - storage pieces typically made of wood such as dressers, bookcases, hutches, chests and desks. Caster - small wheel designed to allow furniture to be moved; used on chairs and antique case goods. Catalyzed Lacquer - a highly durable reactive film finish; a lacquer with an added catalyst to accelerate a chemical reaction during evaporation. Chaise lounge - long chair; sofa with one or two arm in the shape of an elongated chair for reclining. Cherry - hardwood obtained from the cherry tree used in furniture construction. Chest on Chest - tall chest consisting of two stacked chest of drawers with the upper chest being narrower than the base chest. Cheval Mirror - freestanding full length mirror supported by uprights on each side allowing the mirror to pivot.
M:Deluxe comfortWinsome wood Liso
Glossary of Furniture related Terms, our furniture glossary features an editorial compilation of related terms and acronyms to help you better understand furniture styles, design and construction. Cabinet - a cupboard with doors, shelves and or drawers used for storage or display. Cabriole - furniture leg which curves outward from where it's attached descending in a reverse curve into an ornamental foot. Camel Back - the driver broad curve and rise of the center section of a sofa back. Cane webbing - pre-woven cane machine made from individual strands of chair cane available in various widths and patterns. Held in place using a tapered reed spline pressed into a groove. Caning - weaving or interlacing of narrow strips of the skin of the rattan palm to form chair seats, backs or sides. Captain's Chair - a short backed, rounded arm chair with spindles.