Quality of Green and Parks.61, contributors: 152, last update: June 2018, these data are based on perceptions of visitors of this website in the past 3 years. If the value is 0, it means it is perceived as very low, and if the value is 100, it means it is perceived as very high. Yes, i'm willing to do a survey. What makes the air pollution in Kathmandu a source of concern for you is its location. The city resides in a bowl-shaped valley, and this greatly enhances the likelihood of air pollution problems. The valley's unique shape prevents the escape of industrial and vehicle fumes. In recent decades, the air pollution in Kathmandu has worsened, due to the rapid rise in the number of inferior quality vehicles on the traffic congested roads, as well as the unregulated location of industries, particularly brick manufacturing. So it may come as no surprise to you to learn that the nepalese government ( until now ) hasn't been able to keep pace with the rapid increase in demand for building construction, road infrastructure and other types of services due to the tremendous.
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Air pollution is a growing problem in the world, especially in urban areas due to the increasing use of fossil fuels primarily for transportation. Unmanaged urban settlements have only compounded the problem as more people are exposed to the pollutants, which adversely impact their health. It is estimated that air pollution in south Asian cities causes nearly 100,000 premature deaths per year and over a billion work days of lost or reduced essay productivity (adb, 2001). Kathmandu valley, kathmandu, the capital of Nepal, is the countrys economic as well as cultural center. The valley has an area of about 351 km2 and is situated at an altitude of 1300m to 1350m. The kathmandu valley includes three districts namely kathmandu, bhaktapur and Lalitpur. Do you live in Kathmandu? Add data for Kathmandu, index, pollution Index:.05, pollution Exp Scale: 174.49. Pollution in Kathmandu, nepal, air Pollution.92, drinking Water Pollution and Inaccessibility.78, dissatisfaction with Garbage disposal.21. Dirty and Untidy.16, noise and Light Pollution.17, water Pollution.80, dissatisfaction to Spend Time in the city.60, dissatisfaction with Green and Parks in the city.39, purity and Cleanliness in Kathmandu, nepal. Air quality.08, drinking Water quality and Accessibility.22, garbage disposal Satisfaction.79, clean and Tidy.84, quiet and no problem with Night Lights.83, water quality.20, comfortable to Spend Time in the city.40.
A human body requires approximately 25 kg of air everyday to sustain its requirement of oxygen, meaning that a human being breaths nearly 22,000 times, or about 9 liter, per day. This figure reflects the importance of air to human beings and any contamination in the air will have a direct impact on our health. Pure air consists of oxygen (21 nitrogen (78) and a number of other gases and water vapor. Any contamination, natural or anthropogenic, to pure air is known as "air pollution" and the causing agent story is known as air pollutants. In general, the term air pollution refers to the accumulation of any substances in the air in sufficient concentration to effect man, animals, vegetation or other materials. Although not all impurities in the air will cause harm, they may harm adverse health impact according to the nature, concentration, and duration of exposure. Normally anthropogenic air pollutants causing harm to ones well-being are particulate matter less than 10 micron (PM10 sulphur dioxide (SO2 nitrogen Oxides (NOx carbon monoxide (co lead (Pb ozone (O3) and Hydrocarbons (HCs).
Likewise, chemical oxygen demand of water-total measurement of all chemicals in the water that can be oxidised-at the same place is 128.44mg/l and biochemical oxygen demand-the amount of dissolved oxygen needed by aerobic biological organisms-is.3mg/l. The effluent standard for industries for both cod and bod is less than 30mg/l. In the latest pollution index, tetovo city of Macedonia has been ranked the most polluted city in the world followed by Egypts capital city cairo. Other Asian cities Philippiness capital Manila, noida and Delhi of India, guangzhou of China and ho chi minh City of vietnam also make the top. In the pollution Index for country 2016, nepal sits in the 17th place with Egypt as the most polluted country in the world. Published: where 13:28, the kathmandu post, capital. Gaurav thapa And Anuj Kumar Adhikari. Kathmandus Air quality. Introduction, air Pollution, clean air is vital for human survival.
The index is an estimation of the overall pollution in the city with the biggest weight given to air pollution and then to water pollution. The dismal performance in pollution index was expected as a 2014 report of the ministry of Science, technology and Environment shows that Kathmandu air contains 400 micrograms of particulate matter up to 10 micrometres in size per cubic metre or the pm10 is 400µg/m3. However, the maximum limit for PM10 set by the national Ambient Air quality Standards is 120µg/m3. Likewise, another 2014 report by Clean Energy nepal shows that Kathmandu air contains 260 micrograms of particles smaller than.5 micrometres in size per cubic metre or the pm2.5 is 260µg/m3 against maximum limit of 40µg/m3. The air quality samples for both results were taken from Putali sadak. The existing situation of water pollution is equally troubling. According to a research conducted by bagmati civilisation Integrated development Committee in October last year, water in the bagmati river at Minbhawan contains.53 milligrams of dissolved oxygen per litre or the do.53mg/l. Comparing this to the fact that any aquatic animal cannot survive in water with less than 3mg/l shows how polluted our rivers are.
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Pollution is the worst foe of a healthy ecosystem. It is not just a national problem, for it can and does cross national boundaries. All the world's nations must sit down together story and try to do something so that our children can lead healthy lives. Let us not go for great words but let charity start at home and slowly radiate outward to encompass minnesota the entire globe. Polluted Katmandu means polluted New York, tokyo, cairo, and Rome; just as clean Kathmandu means clean beijing, johannesburg, sydney, and Detroit. One scientist's words about the greenhouse effect are true for air pollution: "the recipe for health and wealth is simple; the wisdom to use it, absent." This lack of wisdom may ultimately turn the world away from light to darkness.
To conclude the essay i can do nothing better than" from Anuradha Chaudhary's wonderful "How Sane Are we? "If we fail to take decisive action, if we fail to bring about fundamental changes in our ways of thinking and doing politics, we just might sink and drown." I hope we are sane enough to hang together or, as Ben Franklin said, we shall. Mar 19, 2016-In a latest finding which may not surprise many, kathmandu has been ranked the third most polluted city in the world, according to pollution Index 2016. According to latest pollution index published by serbia-based research website m, nepals Capital city sits in the third position of the pollution ranking with a pollution index.66. The last pollution ranking published in the middle of 2015 had also placed Kathmandu in the third position while in the beginning of 2015 Kathmandu was in the fifth position. The rankings are are based on perceptions of visitors to the website and includes some relevant data from World health Organisation and other institutions, m says about the pollution index.
What is needed is a concerted effort that brings various different perspectives into focus. Statesmen can do a lot. A caring leadership could mobilize the masses, raise consciousness, organize rallies, and educate the people to the dangers of pollution and overpopulation. Such leadership could help us have fewer children and clean our homes, streets, and neighborhoods. Strict laws regulating engine emissions should be passed and enforced. Better urban and rural planning programs must be implemented.
Rural areas need to be furnished with the necessities of life. Schools, health clinics, libraries, water supplies, and roads are needed in every village. Only then mass migration to kathmandu and other cities will dwindle. It may also be necessary to give people land and house construction loans as incentives to move from Kathmandu into rural areas. Only then will Kathmandu's air become breathable again. The earth is for all creatures, great or small. Only a well-balanced ecosystem can ensure the continuity of life.
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As Konrad Lorenz, the nobel-Prize winning scientist, says in his "civilized Man's Eight deadly sins "The farmer knows something that the whole of civilized mankind seems to have forgotten, namely, that the resources of life on our planet are not inexhaustible." But apart from this. Lorenz continues, "When civilized man destroys in blind vandalism the natural habitat surrounding and sustaining him he threatens himself with ecological ruin. Least of all does he notice how much this barbarian process damages his own mind." Lorenz reinforces this point most strongly when he writes: "How can one expect a sense of reverential awe for anything in the young when all they see around them. For the city-dweller, even his view of the sky is obscured by the skyscrapers shortage and chemical clouding of the atmosphere." Lorenz rightly points out the enormous harm pollution does physically, aesthetically, and morally. What can we do? There is not one easy answer. It is not enough to say that we should not use so many motor vehicles, should not keep open borders, should not allow mass migration into katmandu, should not cut down trees, should not throw garbage in the streets, should not pour sewage into rivers.
Nepal's own fast rate of population growth (2.5) is adding more to the already swollen-up number. Moreover, migrations from the hills and other parts of the country are boosting the number of Katmanduites. Slowly but steadily the lifeblood of this capital is draining. More people means more dirt and less cleanliness, more poverty and less prosperity, more houses and less greenery. Katmandu has thus become the most polluted place in the whole country, and this is so mainly because there are too many people, too many corrupt politicians, and too little public consciousness. The vision of a nightmare due to human beings tampering with the ecosystem is anticipated by Philip Larkin in his poem "Going, going". He says that he had once thought that however we mess with filth and pollution, the earth will always be clean and that however much we cut down trees, trees will remain. But, he says, in England "all that remains for us will be concrete and tyres" because" greed and garbage are too thick-strewn to be swept up now.". We need to remember and practice what our ancestors did in the past to preserve the ecosystem.
follow air pollution in Kathmandu and elsewhere, yet the problem persists. Several interlocking reasons contribute to the current impasse in our country and elsewhere. For politicians and business magnates, immediate gains are more attractive than clean air, forests, and long-term sustainable plans. The public, for its part, is apathetic and misinformed. Thus, corruption and lack of wisdom on the part of the politicians, and apathy and ignorance on the part of the public, conspire to muddy our waters, contaminate our soil, and defile every lungful of air we breathe. Another part of this complex equation of environmental degradation is this: too many people and most of them ill-educated or illiterate. Nepal's population has tripled in the last thirty years, while katmandu's more than quadrupled. The free border with India is an open invitation to a flood of Indians.
The narrow streets of Katmandu are jammed with smoke-belching three-wheelers, buses, and scooters. Water for drinking, washing, and cleaning is scarce. With too many people and the corresponding destruction of the surrounding forests, the rivers are drying up, rainfall has become unpredictable, and extreme temperature fluctuations prevail. Every year the papers report landslides, floods, and famines. Acid rain destroys crops assignments and buildings, while the unbreathable air causes cancer, emphysema, and other afflictions. Moreover, air pollution contributes to such global environmental problems as the greenhouse effect, ozone layer depletion, and loss of agricultural productivity. Yet the denizens of Kathmandu appear oblivious to the fact that their city owes its sustenance to the wilderness which surrounds. They appear unaware that the world is like an organism whose different parts are interdependent. As Pete wilkinson writes in his book, "Friends of the earth "A typical dogmatic view-that if an area contains no human life, then it's there to do whatever you like with.
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Asian pollution, "Time" magazine reported recently, has crossed the pacific and affected California and Washington. Pollution knows no boundaries, nor does it need a visa to enter a country. Hence, pollution-wise the world is one. Yet, when it comes to cleaning up, the world is not one but many. This ironical paradox is a tragedy of modern times. Katmandu, nestled among the highest mountains in the world, had been, until fairly recently in history, free from pollution. However, essay nowadays, massive pollution and eco-problems diminish the quality of life in this once pure, lush, and fertile valley. Katmandu's air is dusty and smoke-filled; its rivers are like open sewage, and its garbage lies scattered everywhere like hay to be dried in the sun.